In this model, it is assumed that the survival times (or log survival times) come from a normal distribution; the resulting model is basically identical to the ordinary multiple regression model, and may be stated as:

t = a + b1*z1 + b2*z2 + ... + bm*zm

where t denotes the survival times. If log-normal regression is requested, t is replaced by its natural logarithm. The normal regression model is particularly useful because many data sets can be transformed to yield approximations of the normal distribution. Thus, in a sense this is the most general fully parametric model (as opposed to Cox's proportional hazard model which is non-parametric), and estimates can be obtained for a variety of different underlying survival distributions.

Goodness-of-fit. The Chi-square value is computed as a function of the log-likelihood for the model with all independent variables (L1), and the log-likelihood of the model in which all independent variables are forced to 0 (zero, L0).