The term mass in correspondence analysis is used to denote the entries in the two-way table of relative frequencies (i.e., each entry is divided by the sum of all entries in the table). Note that the results from correspondence analysis are still valid if the entries in the table are not frequencies, but some other measure of correspondence, association, similarity, confusion, etc. Since the sum of all entries in the table of relative frequencies is equal to 1.0, we could say that the table of relative frequencies shows how one unit of mass is distributed across the cells of the table. In the terminology of correspondence analysis, the row and column totals of the table of relative frequencies are called the row mass and column mass, respectively.

For more information, see the description of the Correspondence Analysis method of analysis.