The mean is a particularly informative measure of the "central tendency" of the variable if it is reported along with its confidence intervals. Usually we are interested in statistics (such as the mean) from our sample only to the extent to which they are informative about the population. The larger the sample size, the more reliable its mean. The larger the variation of data values, the less reliable the mean (see also Elementary Concepts).

Mean = (Sxi)/n

where n is the sample size.

See also: Descriptive Statistics Overview.