A measure of central tendency, the median (the term first used by Galton, 1882) of a sample is the value for which one-half (50%) of the observations (when ranked) will lie above that value and one-half will lie below that value. When the number of values in the sample is even, the median is computed as the average of the two middle values. See also, Descriptive Statistics Overview and Ordinal Descriptive Statistics.