Spearman R

Spearman R can be thought of as the regular Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient (Pearson r); that is, in terms of the proportion of variability accounted for, except that Spearman R is computed from ranks. As mentioned, Spearman R assumes that the variables under consideration were measured on at least an ordinal (rank order) scale; that is, the individual observations (cases) can be ranked into two ordered series. Detailed discussions of the Spearman R statistic and its power and efficiency can be found in Gibbons (1985), Hays (1981), McNemar (1969), Siegel and Castellan (1988), Kendall (1948), Olds (1949), or Hotelling and Pabst (1936).